Implement quaternion representation of six-degrees-of-freedom equations of motion of simple variable mass with respect to body axes
For a description of the coordinate system and the translational dynamics, see the block description for the Simple Variable Mass 6DoF (Euler Angles) block.
The integration of the rate of change of the quaternion vector is given below. The gain K drives the norm of the quaternion state vector to 1.0 should ε become nonzero. You must choose the value of this gain with care, because a large value improves the decay rate of the error in the norm, but also slows the simulation because fast dynamics are introduced. An error in the magnitude in one element of the quaternion vector is spread equally among all the elements, potentially increasing the error in the state vector.
Specifies the input and output units:
|Metric (MKS)||Newton||Newton meter||Meters per second squared||Meters per second||Meters||Kilogram||Kilogram meter squared|
|English (Velocity in ft/s)||Pound||Foot pound||Feet per second squared||Feet per second||Feet||Slug||Slug foot squared|
|English (Velocity in kts)||Pound||Foot pound||Feet per second squared||Knots||Feet||Slug||Slug foot squared|
Select the type of mass to use:
Mass is constant throughout the simulation.
Mass and inertia vary linearly as a function of mass rate.
Mass and inertia variations are customizable.
The Simple Variable selection conforms to the previously described equations of motion.
Select the representation to use:
Use Euler angles within equations of motion.
Use quaternions within equations of motion.
The Quaternion selection conforms to the previously described equations of motion.
The three-element vector for the initial location of the body in the flat Earth reference frame.
The three-element vector for the initial velocity in the body-fixed coordinate frame.
The three-element vector for the initial Euler rotation angles [roll, pitch, yaw], in radians.
The three-element vector for the initial body-fixed angular rates, in radians per second.
The initial mass of the rigid body.
A scalar value for the empty mass of the body.
A scalar value for the full mass of the body.
A 3-by-3 inertia tensor matrix for the empty inertia of the body.
A 3-by-3 inertia tensor matrix for the full inertia of the body.
The gain to maintain the norm of the quaternion vector equal to 1.0.
|Vector||Contains the three applied forces.|
|Vector||Contains the three applied moments.|
|Scalar||Contains the rate of change of mass.|
|Three-element vector||Contains the velocity in the flat Earth reference frame.|
|Three-element vector||Contains the position in the flat Earth reference frame.|
|Three-element vector||Contains the Euler rotation angles [roll, pitch, yaw], in radians.|
|3-by-3 matrix||Applies to the coordinate transformation from flat Earth axes to body-fixed axes.|
|Three-element vector||Contains the velocity in the body-fixed frame.|
|Three-element vector||Contains the angular rates in body-fixed axes, in radians per second.|
|Three-element vector||Contains the angular accelerations in body-fixed axes, in radians per second squared.|
|Three-element vector||Contains the accelerations in body-fixed axes.|
|Scalar element||Contains a flag for fuel tank status:|
The block assumes that the applied forces are acting at the center of gravity of the body.
Mangiacasale, L., Flight Mechanics of a μ-Airplane with a MATLAB Simulink Helper, Edizioni Libreria CLUP, Milan, 1998.